In English, there are two kinds of nouns… singular, which means only one… and plural. This means more than one.
Plurals in English are written in several different ways. The most common way is to add an “S” at the end of the word. For example;
Pencil is single Pencils is plural
For nouns ending in “s”, “sh,” “ck,” “o” or “x” we add “es” to make them plural:
Nouns ending in “y” have “ies” added to them:
Sometimes the middle of the word changes:
Some words seem to change completely…
If the noun ends in “fe” or “f” we have to add “ves” to make it plural:
And finally, some nouns don’t change at all!
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